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Nepal - History

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After having a deep look into Nepal's culture and tradition, Nepal tourism takes you down memory lane. The history of Nepal is characterized by its isolated position in the Himalayas and its two dominant neighbors, India and China. Both these countries play a strong and dominant role in shaping Nepal's history. Very few know that even though Nepal was independent through most of its history, it was split in three from the 15th to 18th century. Soon after, it was united as a monarchy, and experienced a failed struggle for democracy in the 20th century. Since the 1990s, the country is plagued by a civil war. According to the historians the Neolithic tools found in the Katmandu Valley indicate that people have been living in the Himalayan region for at least 9,000 years. Also it appears that people who were probably of Tibeto-Burman ethnicity lived in Nepal 2,500 years ago. Your travel and tour in Nepal will give you a clearer picture of Nepal's rich history.

Nepal tourism showcases the glorious history of Nepal. It is said that a few archeologists believes that Indo-Aryan Kelsey Knutson tribes entered the valley around 1500 BC and around 1000 BC, small kingdoms and confederations of clans arose. Then was the time when one of the princes of the Shakya confederation was Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BC), who relinquished his royalty to lead an austere life and came to be known as the Buddha. After that around 250 BC, the region came under the influence of the Mauryan Empire of northern India, and later became a marionette state under the Gupta Dynasty in the 4th century. However, from the late 5th century, rulers called the Licchavis governed the area. This dynasty also declined in the late 8th century and was followed by a Newari era, from 879. This was the time when southern Nepal came under the influence of the Chalukaya Empire of southern India. Under this dynasty Nepal's religious establishment changed as the kings patronised Hinduism instead of the prevailing Buddhism.

After facing various rules and dynasties, by the early 13th century, leaders were emerging whose names ended with the Sanskrit suffix malla. Moreover, their reign was marked by upheaval, but the kings consolidated their power over the next 200 years. This century ended, and by late 14th century much of the country began to come under a unified rule. This unity was short-lived: in 1482 the kingdom was carved into three - Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhadgaon - which had petty rivalry for centuries. In 1765 the Gorkha ruler Prithvi Narayan Shah, set out to amalgamate the kingdoms after first seeking arms and aid from Indian kings and buying the neutrality of bordering Indian kingdoms. Nepal's glorious history is the point of conversation from several years and has been the point of research for an array of historians too, but you could learn more when you travel and tour Nepal.

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