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Nepal - Geography

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Nepal is one country that has many things and places to showcase and Nepal Tourism provides you the best in this regard. Whether, it may be the climate, historical buildings, monasteries, and local people, this beautiful country is worth a visit. Talking about its geography, Nepal is of approximately rectangular shape, 650 kilometers (400 mi) wide and 200 kilometers (125 mi) broad, with an area of 147,181 square kilometers. This scenic country is generally separated into three physiographic areas: the Mountain, Hill, and Terai Regions. And these ecological belts run east-west and are bisected by Nepal's major river systems. Firstly talking about the Terai Plains, they are bordered with India and are also the part of the northern rim of the Indo-Gangetic plains. Apart from that they are also formed and fed by three major rivers: the Kosi, the Narayani (India's Gandak River), and the Karnali. So when you travel and tour Nepal, you will find that this region has a hot, humid climate.

Talking about the Hill Region, abut the mountains and varies from 1,000 to 4,000 metres (3,300-13,125 ft) in altitude. However, this region is primarily dominated by two low mountain ranges, the Mahabharat Lekh and Shiwalik Range. Also the hilly region includes the Kathmandu Valley, the country's most fertile and urbanised area. The most surprising feature is that despite being geographical isolated and with its limited economic potential, the region always has been the political and cultural centre of Nepal. Unlike the valleys, elevations above 2,500 meters (8,200 ft) are thinly populated. Moreover, the mountain region also contains the highest region in the world. The world's highest mountain, Mount Everest (Sagarmatha in Nepali) at 8,850 meters (29,035 ft) is also sited on the border with China. And if you think that's enough then Nepal Tourism takes you to another eight of the world's fourteen highest mountains that are located in Nepal. Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak, is also located on its eastern border with Sikkim. However, deforestation is a major crisis in all regions, with resulting erosion and degradation of ecosystems.

Talking about its climatic conditions, Nepal has five climatic zones, broadly corresponding to altitude. Here, the tropical and subtropical zones lie below 1,200 metres (3,940 ft), the temperate zone 1,200 to 2,400 metres (3,900-7,875 ft), the cold zone 2,400 to 3,600 metres (7,875-11,800 ft), the sub arctic zone 3,600 to 4,400 metres (11,800-14,400 ft), and the arctic zone above 4,400 metres (14,400 ft). Due to its geographic isolation, Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring. The Himalaya blocks cold winds from Central Asia in winter, and forms the northern limit of the monsoon wind patterns. Even though Nepal don't share boundary with Bangladesh, the two countries are separated by a narrow strip of land about 21 kilometre (13 mi) wide, called the Chicken's Neck. Currently, efforts are in progress to make this area a free-trade zone. This will boost Nepal tourism and help more tourists visit this beautiful country.

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